Since its independence, Burundi has often been bereaved by cyclical crises whose perpetrators have gone unpunished. This situation has left Burundi in a vicious cycle of violence. The Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement signed in Burundi on 28/8/2000 provided for transitional justice mechanisms to remedy this situation.Faced with this catastrophic situation and finding that lawyers who continue to practice their profession in Burundi are constantly threatened and severely limited in their interventions, Burundian lawyers in exile in neighboring countries of Burundi had the idea to set up a collective victims of crimes under international law committed in Burundi, in order to fight for intervention by international justice as long as national justice is strongly subordinated to the regime in place and serves as an instrument of repression of any discordant voice .